Toshiba Libretto – the original netbook, 12 years on

With netbooks recently overtaking laptops in worldwide sales figures, we were prompted to dig out our trusty old Toshiba Libretto 50 and see how it shaped up to modern rivals.

Toshiba Libretto 50 Ultra Mobile PC- Ten Years On

Released over twelve years ago in January 1997, the Tosh was seen as something of a mini-marvel in its day, being the first mini-notebook computer to both pack an Intel Pentium (hurtling along at 75MHz) and run Microsoft Windows 95.

The Libretto 50 was Toshiba’s second mini-PC, succeeding the Libretto 20 released in the previous April.

The latest l’il Libretto managed to run a full version of the Windows 95 operating system and came with Microsoft Word for Windows 95, Excel, Lotus Organizer 97 and Internet Explorer V3.0 pre-installed.

Packed into its tough grey casing was a mighty 16MB of EDO main memory (upgradeable to 32MB) and an 810MB hard disk drive.

Flipping open the 210×115×34mm case reveals a small but neat keyboard and a 6.1″ 16.77 million colour TFT display, supporting 640 x 480 pixels resolution.

Toshiba Libretto 50 Ultra Mobile PC- Ten Years On

Graphics were taken care of by a ‘high-performance’ graphic chip, CT65550, with a SoundBlaster Pro compatible sound chip on board powering a single integrated speaker.


Connectivity suffers badly compared to modern UMPCs; there’s no Wi-Fi, no Bluetooth, no built in modem and there’s ne’er a USB port in sight – no surprise considering the technology was still relatively new in 1997 (it would be a full two years until Apple fully adopted the standard for their keyboards).

Instead, the Tosh had to make do with a PC Card (PCMCIA) slot, an infra red port and an external floppy disk drive.

An optional optional bolt-on Port Replicator provided extra connections for a PS/2 external mouse (remember them?), external keyboard, printer, RS-232C device and external display.

Toshiba Libretto 50 Ultra Mobile PC- Ten Years On (Part 2/2)


With something this small, battery life was never going to be too hot, and even when the Lithium ion cell was brand spanking new, we were hard pushed to get more than 70 minutes out of the thing – and that dropped dramatically if there was a modem or network card working in the PC card slot.

Control system

The keyboard is a fiddly fella though, and the control system – comprising of a textured trackpoint with the left and right mouse buttons on the lid’s rear – isn’t the most intuitive of things.

Unless you you were careful with your movements, the cursor would end up flying around the screen like an alcoholic on amyl.

Toshiba Libretto 50 Ultra Mobile PC- Ten Years On (Part 2/2)

Running programs

We managed to upgrade the operating system to the white hot technology of Windows 98 and found the machine fairly stable in use.

In fact, we grew rather fond of using the tiny Tosh.

We even managed to run Photoshop (version 3) off the thing, as well as project college presentations from its external monitor output.

We and authored a few websites off the Tosh, although we fancy it would collapse in a heap if we tried to install any modern, RAM-hungry apps.


Despite its age and low specifications, the Tosh still impresses as a technical achievement.

It still looks pretty damn small, the screen remains bright and crisp and there’s enough power onboard for basic surfing, emails and Word docs (albeit at a rather more stately rate).

One thing that has remained consistent over the decade is the the ergonomic limitations of shrunk-down computers.

You can ramp up all the groovy gizmos you like, but the price you pay for the portability factor remains a small, squinty screen and a challenging keyboard.

Toshiba Libretto 50 Ultra Mobile PC- Ten Years On (Part 2/2)

Until someone comes up with a screen and a keyboard that can fold out like paper (or maybe some cool Star Wars holo-projection device), small PCs – and indeed PDAs, smartphones and iPhones – are always going to be a bit of a pain to work with for anything other than short periods.

And that, as they say, remains the rub. Or iRub, if you like.

Toshiba Libretto 50 specs

Key Features

Processor Pentium 75 MHz
Installed Memory 16 MB (EDO RAM)
Hard Drive 810 MB IDE
Operating System Microsoft Windows 95
Processor Intel, Pentium, 75 MHz
Motherboard Bus Speed 50 MHz
Installed RAM 16 MB, EDO RAM
Max Supported RAM 32 MB
Hard Drive 810 MB
Storage Controller Type IDE
Other Drives Floppy Drive 3.5″ 1.44 MB floppy

Toshiba Libretto 50 Ultra Mobile PC- Ten Years On


Display TFT Active Matrix, 6.1 in.
Display Colour Support 24-bit (16.7 million colours)
Display Max. Resolution 640 x 480
Video Installed Video Memory 1 MB
External Video Resolution 1024 x 768
Audio Output Type Sound card
Operating System Microsoft Windows 95

Technical Features

Input Method Keyboard, Trackpoint
Battery Run Time 2 Hours
Battery Technology Lithium ion

Toshiba Libretto 50 Ultra Mobile PC- Ten Years On


Width 8.27 in.
Depth 4.53 in.
Height 1.38 in.
Weight 1.98 lb.

Toshiba press release (1997)
Wikipedia entry

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4 Comments on “Toshiba Libretto – the original netbook, 12 years on”

  1. I love my Libretto! I got Damn Small Linux finally working on it (by adding mem=16 in the append line) and I even found a Netgear 16bit 802.11b card that was compatible with it. It is a little slow surfing the web, but it does surf and I can VNC to my other desktops.

  2. This was my first portable computer. I used it for about two years until 2002. It was a primitive computer compared to what we have now, but I could still run multiple programs on it including Compupic pro to view my pictures, microsoft office word, internet explorer and a messenger service at the same time. All in just 75MHz of processing power. Ontop of that, I had hooked it to a viewsonic 15″ monitor coz it was too expensive to repair the screen when it got broken!

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